Friday, April 17, 2015

Korbitz, Part II. Tactical map and rosters


First of all I fixed some errors in the Campaign map, say the misplacement of some location and the name of the river bisecting the area: it is the Triebitsch, the Muglitz was somewhere else.
An important thing to add to the relation between the Campaign and the Tactical V&B map is that counters of both Armies can be in column 1 or row D: in this case the Prussian Army deploy on the right-side of column 1 or on the upper-side of row D to allow space for the Austro-Imperial deployment.
This is the Volley and Bayonet tactical map which I draw with the GGSTB map behind:



As usual the square are 1 foot. The Triebitsch and all the streams are marshy-banked. Meissen is a double based town whereas all the other locations are villages. There are no hills: the west side of the area was a plateau and the terrain was a rolling terrain. There were ravines on the westmost side of the area which I decided to represente with some woods and marshy banked streams which disrupts movement. South of Meissen the situation is the same: the ravine on the back of Prussian position is rapresented by a marshy banked stream. The Prussian fortications are Hasty Works: they cause no movement penalty and in combat, in addition to the +1 morale bonus for being behind works, infantry and artillery receive a saving throw against small arms fire (but not artillery fire or melee attack).


As I did for Strehla, I realized these compact roster: I find them useful when printed on cardboard to take account of losses and track command. 



All what I have to do now is to playtest the scenario and the mini-campaign. Here the campaign map at start. Finck and Rebentisch are in B4, the cavalry in B5 ready to go east or west the Triebitsch, Wunsch and the +4 decoy in C6, the +3 decoy in C7. The whole Austro-Imperial host is at the start point dot.




Thursday, April 16, 2015

Korbitz 1759, Part I


First post of the year…I am desperately short of time and to add insult to unjury, my camera broke. So I was unable to post my progress in completing the Hannoverian Army or the Husar complement which necessary to refight Kolin. The Kolin “case study” still idle, I was toying myself with a Scenario for Korbitz, 1759.
At a glance Korbitz seems a carbon copy of Strehla: the Reichsarmee attacking the main Prussian position, the Austrians enduring a flank march, a prompt Prussian reaction disrupting the whole plan. A complete description is on Kronoskaf and Duffy dedicated some wonderful pages of his book “Instrument of War” to the action.


  
Hovewer there are some differences, of course. The director of the whole plan was nonetheless than Giovan Battista Serbelloni, he the “Stonewall of Kolin”. A very quirck character from the Milanese aristocracy, detested by all his colleagues.



His subordinates were Zweibrucken and Hadik: the last was one of the best Austrians generals but no wonders that he and Serbelloni were at loggerheads.




He was entrusted with the flank attack but the muddy roads delayed his march. Twice he asked Serbelloni to recall the attack but the permission was twice refused. When the whole plan was upset by the Prussian reaction, Serbelloni charged Hadik of misconduct. The whole affair strained further the relations between Austrian generals and only after a couple of months the honour of Hadik and the Empress confidence were restored. From a tactical point of view moreover it seems that the Reichsarmee did a best job than at Strehla the following year.

On the other side of the barricade we have three characters of future Maxen fame: Finck, Wunsch and Rebentisch. I was able to find only a portrait of Wunsch:




Indeed they were at this stage three of the best Prussian subordinates and the campaign of Finck in Saxony allowed him to recover most of the territories lost after the summer disaster apart from Dresden. Further the Prussian position was lesser exposed than that of Strehla. However all these interesting facts are below the grain of the game and was not satisfied by the Scenario I obtained: what i didn’t like was the special rules needed to recreate Hadik’s ordeal.

Then, one day, I had in my hands an old copy of the now defunct “Wargames Journal” and I looked at a very nice mini-campaign scenario for Brandywine and so I decided to borrow the mini-campaign rules and translate the whole situation from the North-America to Saxony.

This is the map of the area: the square are 1 foot width and are the classical V&B squares. In a next post I’ll give the detailed V&B map of the area within the squares. The idea is that since the actual battlefield was divided in two separate zones by the marshy-banked Triebitsch, the two separate “battles” can be refought on a 3x3 square area. 



The following rules are copied straightforward from the Brandiwine mini-campaign: I only added the “mud effect” to represent the difficult roads Hadik had to follow; I think this rule should make any flank attack as time-consuming and not completely predictable as possible.

Korbitz 1759 Mini-Campaign Rules (from Brandywine 1777 by Bruce McFarlane and Bob Barnelson, Wargames Journal. Issue 8).

COUNTERS
There are three types of counters: commanders, units and decoys.
• Commanders represent senior commanders and their staffs.
• Units represent the troops set out in the V&B roster.
• Decoys are simply to confuse and upset your opponent.
Counters are double-sided. On the front is the name of the subordinate or commander and their command number. On the back is the command number of the counter. The exception is commander counters that have the same information on both sides.

DEPLOYMENT
All counters start the game face down. All Austro-Imperial counters start at “Austrian Start”. All Prussian counters start within the grey squares.The only stacking limitation is that inside the battlefield, a player may only have two counters (excluding commanders) per square. There must be at least 2 Prussian counters, one of which can be a Decoy, in grid squares C6 or C7 or both.

MOVEMENT
Play begins with the Austro-Imperial  player attempting to move some, none or all of his counters. To move a counter, the player nominates a counter and rolls 1D6. If the roll is greater than or equal to the counter’s command number, the counter may move from one dot to another along a road or from one map grid square to an adjoining grid square, either contiguously or diagonally. If the die roll is less than the counter’s command number, the counter is not activated.
Austrian counters attempting to move along a major road (yellow) add one (+1) to their dice roll; when trying to move on the “muddy” roads (those with the brown clouds) the Austro-Imperial players rolls 1d6: on the results in the cloud the road is blocked and no units can’t move on that road that turn.
Commanders move in the same way as decoys and units but may move two dots or grid squares. Furthermore, they may activate one other counter at their start location, even if this additional unit failed its own command roll in that turn. The commander and the unit/decoy do not have to move to the same location on a successful commander’s roll. It is, therefore, advantageous to roll commanders last so that the commander can activate a brigade/decoy that has otherwise failed to activate.
Notice that Hadik can give command only to “pink” units, Zweibrucken only to “gray” whereas Serbelloni to both.
Once the Austro-Imperial player has attempted to activate all of the counters desired, play passes to the Prussian player. Prussian counters may never leave the battlefield portion of the map.

BATTLE
When Austro-Imperial and Prussian counters are adjacent, the moving player must flip over his counter(s), revealing if it is a unit or a decoy. If it is a decoy, it is removed and play continues. If it is a unit, the non-moving player reveals his adjacent counters. Again, any decoys are removed. If both sides still have units face-up, a battle is in the offing. The battle is played on a 3x3 area: players should decide on which 9 grid squares of the battlefield map will offer the best focus for the miniatures battle. A regular Volley and Bayonet game is then set up and the troops deployed. At the end of each game turn (ie. every hour), the players returns to the map game and play an additional turn of the map game. As counters arrive at the grid squares represented by the miniatures table, the appropriate miniatures troops are added to the battle. 

GAME LENGTH
The map game lasts 12 turns.

VICTORY CONDITIONS
The Austro-Imperials, with a 2-1 numerical superiority were in the conditions to destroy the Prussian corps. Accordingly the Austro-Imperials victory condition is to exhaust all the Prussian Division.
The Prussian win by simply avoiding this, losing less troops than the Austro-Imperials. Any other result is a draw.


The Volley and Bayonet Order of Battle is:

Austro-Imperial Order of Battle (28.500 men in 38 battalions, 27 grenadier coys and 60 squadrons)
Field Marshal Conte Giovan Battista Serbelloni AC
Austrian Corps: Hadik CC
Field Artillery #1                  [_][_] 5 fld
Right Wing: unknown DC [_][_][_][_][_] ex=5
IR57 Andlau/IR49 Angern   [_][_][_] 5
IR12 Botta                            [_][_][_] 5
IR40 Jung Colloredo             [_][_] 4
IR Kurmainz (Reich)             [_][_] 4 PT
IR15 Pallavicini                     [_][_] 4
Cvg. Grenadiers                     [_][_] 6*
Centre Division: Lamberg DC [_][_][_] ex=3
IR51 Gyulay                           [_][_][_] 5
IR18 Marschall                       [_][_][_] 5
CR(iii) Alt Modena/DR39 Zweibrucken[_][_] 5 mixed
CR Hoenzollern (Reich)                          [_][_] 5 hvy
Left Wing: Brentano DC [_] [_] ex=2
Gz 1st Banal                    [_] 4 sk
Gz Karlstader-Oguliner   [_] 4 sk
Gz Warasdiner-Kreutzer  [_] 4 sk
Gz Karlstader-Szluiner    [_] 4 sk
Left Wing cavalry: Schallemberg DC [_][_] ex=2
CR27 Daun /CR20 Schmerzing [_][_] 5 hvy
CR12 Serbelloni/Cvg Elites       [_][_] 6 hvy

Imperial Corps: Field Marshal Count Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Field Artillery     [_][_] 4 fld PT
Heavy Artillery   [_][_] 4 hvy PT
Austrian Division: Macquire's DC [_][_][_] ex=3
IR47 Harrach            [_][_][_] 5
IR8 Hildburghausen [_][_] 5
IR25 Thurheim         [_][_] 5
Infantry Division: Stolberg DC [_][_][_][_][_] ex=5
IR Effern/Wildenstein [_][_] 4 PT
IR Furstenberg             [_][_] 4 PT
IR Pfalz-Zweibrucken [_][_] 4 PT
IR Varell/I.Hohenlohe [_][_] 4 PT
IR Kurbayern               [_][_] 4 PT
IR Baden-Durlach/Mengersen [_][_] 4 PT
Cavalry Division: Kleefeld DC [_][_][_] ex=3
CR21 Trautm./ CR29 Bretlach (KK)      [_][_] 5 hvy
CR Bayreuth/CR Kurpfalz                      [_][_] 4 hvy PT
DR9 Savoyen(KK)/DR Ansbach             [_][_] 4 med

Prussian Order of Battle (extimated 11.000 men in 16 battalions and 36 squadrons)
Lt. Gen Finck CC
Left wing: Maj. Gen. Rebentisch DC [_][_][_][_][_][_] ex=6
IR19 Mkgf Karl/IR14 Lehwaldt  [_][_] 5
IR20 Zastrow/IR47 Grabow        [_][_] 5
Cvg. GB Burgsdorff/Ripp            [_][_] 6 *
Cvg. GB Kreckwitz/Swolinsky    [_][_] 6 *
GB 11/14 Beyer                            [_][_] 6 *
Finck Heavy Artillery                   [_][_] 5 hvy
Left wing, Cavalry: unknown DC [_][_][_] ex=3
DR4 Krockow/DR7 Plettenberg    [_][_] 6 Med
CR5 Markgraf Friederich              [_][_] 6 Hvy
Hundt cvg. Husaren                       [s] 5 Lt
Right wing: Maj. Gen. Wunsch DC [_][_][_][_][_][_] ex=6
GB 4/16 Willemy/2-GII Nesse  [_][_] 6 *
IR45 Hessen-Kassel                  [_][_] 5
IR44 Hoffmann                         [_][_] 5
FR Wunsch                                [s][s] 4
DR11 Jung Platen/CR7 Horn    [_][_] 5 Mixed
HR4 Dingelsted                         [_][_] 5 Lt
Wunsch Artillery                       [_][_] 5 hvy

Terrain features The Triebitsch is marshy-banked. The Elbe is unfordable. The Prussian redoubts are “Hasty works” as in VBG.
Notes All units have battalion guns. No unit has grenadier, except grenadier battalion. The role of Serbelloni in the battle was an undistinguished one. Accordingly he can’t move from its initial placement on the battle map.


In the next post I’ll give the rosters for the two Armies and the Volley and Bayonet map.

Friday, October 17, 2014

Reichsarmee completed!


Yes, it was a 2013 goal…. the last batch of Imperials is finally completed! Now I have all the unit of the Reichsarmee (minus the elusive Sachsen-Gotha dragoons, 200 horses, so well below the Volley and Bayonet scale).


Going into detail we have:





the Pfalz-Zweibrucken regiment (33 distinct contingents), rated “poor” by Soubise. An uneventful career, probably present at Korbitz, 1759.





The Nassau-Weilburg regiment, from the Upper Renish District as the previous: 9 contingents, first battalion captured by Wunsch at the surrender of Leipzig, most of the rank and file preferring the Prussian service to captivity.  The remaining battalion took part in 1761 campaign in Saxony. The flags are completely speculative:







The Ernestine-Sachsen regiment. A composite unit with one battalion from Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, the other with contingents from Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg, Sachsen-Coburg-Meiningen, Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld and Sachsen-Hildburghausen. It joined the Reichsarmee in November 1758, the various Dukes being unwilling to fight against Prussia. It was at the action at Zinna, 1759. Again the flag is completely speculative but is based on the Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach flag in the WSS that I saw here:



The Munster regiments, Nagel (red facings) and Elverfeldt (white  facings) each one battalion strong. Rated “good” by Soubise and captured by the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick at Meiningen and Wasungen in 1759. No further actions are recorded.






The other Lower Renish-Westphalian regiment is the Mengersen regiment from Paderborn. It was only one battalion strong. I was in doubt if paint it or not: then I  read some lines in Kronoskaf regarding the 1758 campaign: “The regiment acted as a Free Battalion and took part in several skirmishes”. So I crossed the Rubicon and decided to portray it as a skirmisher base for V&B. The regiment was rated “mediocre” but had nonetheless a long and eventful career being at the siege of Sonnenstein, at Korbitz, Strehla and Saalfeld in 1761 when it was annhilated in a 5 hour long combat.


In the meantime I was left with some red-coated Hannoverian Garde du Corps. Since I have already them, I converted them into red-coated french cavalry regiments, adding the trumpeter and the flag-bearer. So, based by three for each brigade, the  regiments Colonel-General (with the trumpeter), Harcourt (with the flag) and Noailles:


Since I have already done regiments Fitz-James and La Reine, I have all the red-coated french heavy cavalry regiments so from here to now on only a lot of white-coated, red faced regiments with some sparse blue one....

The castle in the first picture is made from paper, found elsewhere in the web:



Sunday, October 12, 2014

More Hanoverians




To complete my Hanoverian Army the multicolored Geyso and Wersebe grenadier battalions:




and the heavy artillery:



The last two regiments of Heavy cavalry, namely 3C-B Hodenberg and 4C-A Breitenbach




so only Dragoons are still missing. To deal with the "kleiner klieg" the 4th battalion of the Legion Britannique, one of the two red-coated:



To command such a reinforcement, Lt. General Christian von Zastrow, with a Garde du Corps orderly:




Busy painting more British legion, Grenadiers and at least a Dragoon regiment. Then I need to place an order to H&R to get Brunswick and Hessians…..In the meantime I completed the ReichsArmee which will be the object of a “Grand Parade” post in the next future.